The most important of Taj Mahal attractions is of course the Mausoleum. The dome above the tomb is referred to as an onion, given its shape. The columns are an important feature of its design as they allow for light to penetrate the interior. The exterior décor is said to be an exemplary show of Mughal design. The Mughal Empire was the longest period of prosperity which lasted from the 1500s through the middle of the 19th century.
Segments of the Quran adorn columns and walls. These segments allude to subjects regarding Judgment.
The interior part of the Mausoleum is not as traditional as Muslim faith dictates. Precious gems were used in the décor. However, the crypts of both the Emperor and Empress are set beneath a chamber and they face toward Mecca.
Taj Mahal attractions include a complex that is surrounded by red walls. They house mausoleums for the Emperor’s other wives.
The Mosque is a must see as well as an important Taj Mahal attraction. It’s situated on the western side of the Taj Mahal and faces Mecca. It’s also made of sandstone. The interior chamber housed the remains of Mumtaz Mahal prior to her being moved to the Taj Mahal. The floors are covered with over 500 prayer carpets and the interior reflects complex calligraphy with quotes from the Quran.
Tip: Tah Mahal opens at 6 a.m. and closes at 7 p.m. except Fridays when it’s only open for the Mosque.
The Main Gateway is one of the most impressive of Taj Mahal attractions. This tall arched doorway is decorated with Hindu symbols. It extends halfway the height of the main structure. The segments from the Quran are made of black stone. The arches are ornamented with red lotus flowers and semi-precious stones are inlaid in the marble. It’s a must see Taj Mahal attraction.
The Rest House opposite the Mosque faces away from Mecca and is believed to have been constructed for the sole purpose of maintaining a perfect architectural balance.
These beautiful Taj Mahal attractions are filled with beauty and symbolism. The usage of the number four and its multiples played an important role in their creation. The number four is sacred in Islam. The lawns were therefore split into four sections. Flower beds with 400 plants were placed in each quarter. The Cyprus trees seen around are a symbol of death while the fruit trees mean a rebirth and life. Two fountains crossing the center signify continuity of life.
At the center of the gardens is a pool in which the amazing Taj Mahal is seen reflected. The raised tank of water in the middle is referred to as the “tank of abundance” as stated in scriptures.
The Charbagh garden was inspired by the layout of Persian gardens. It immortalizes the four flowing rivers of paradise. It’s believed that Ali Mardan was the Engineer who built the Taj Mahal and who also designed these magnificent works of nature.